IPC-IG Researcher Presents in Italy on Land Reform and Publishes on New Horizons for Global Energy Governance
Brasília, June 27, 2013 –
IPC-IG Researcher Guilherme B.R. Lambais presents research on land reform and efficiency at a conference in Italy. In addition, Lambais and Guilherme Gonçalves, Executive Manager and Founding Partner at Limpgas Tecnologia, also report on a number of challenges and lessons related to the relationship between energy systems and global climate change governance.
On June 22, 2013 IPC-IG Researcher Guilherme Lambais presented at the 17th Annual Conference of The International Society for New Institutional Economics (ISNIE) in Florence, Italy. ISNIE claims to investigate “institutions of social, political and commercial life” with an interdisciplinary approach to better understand the origin and operations of institutions as well as evaluate the necessity of reform.
Lambais presented on the topic of “Land Reform and Efficiency: theory and panel data evidence.” The presenter aimed to build upon existing work related to production efficiency within research on market-assisted land reform by
“develop[ing] a theoretical framework to explain land reform beneficiaries’ production efficiency … extended with high individual heterogeneity and a diversity of institutional constraints.”
Data was collected between the years 2000 to 2006 at the household level in the Northeast of Brazil based on “a sampling procedure devised for an impact evaluation of the Programa Cédula da Terra.” In so doing, extensive empirical research enabled Lambais to “estimate a production function model with time-varying inefficiency effects.” The research elucidated the critical role of self-selection, the level of assets one enters the program and the necessity of group cooperation within a limited ‘environmental and institutional’ atmosphere to ensure a positive experience for beneficiaries.
With respect to tackling inefficiency, the discussion and policy recommendations involved consideration of factors such as planning of land redistribution in conjunction with other key institutions, such as credit access and technical assistance, and the revamping of the target process with better considerations of the determinants of self-selection.
More information about the conference and a full list of papers presented is available here.
New Publication: Innovation and Global to Local Energy Governance
“Energy systems are a fundamental aspect of economic activity, which is currently highly dependent on fossil fuels – the combustion of which accounted for 84 percent of GHG emissions in 2009 (OECD 2012: 11)”
A collection of papers has been published in a new book entitled ‘Climate Change and Global Policy Regimes: Towards Institutional Legitimacy’ that explores the synergies and linkages between a variety of themes within the contemporary ‘climate change regime complex.’ In Innovation and Global to Local Energy Governance, Lambais and Gonçalves employ evolutionary system dynamics coupled with institutional analysis to argue that contemporary “global energy governance is not likely to bring legitimate change.”
In line with this, the paper unfolds in three segments to better understand and critique the regime complexes prevailing in the contemporary global energy governance arena: an exploration of the energy regime complex, a historico-institutional analysis of regime complexes for energy and climate change, and potential future pathways for energy governance. In so doing, the research aims to
“propose a viable multi-level multi-stakeholder governance system based on renewable energy innovation and co- evolution of supply and demand, which could leapfrog renewable energy markets.”
The introduction of the article highlights the complexity of the global environmental system as well as the interconnectedness of the earth, energy, and economic subsystems. In particular, the salience of the role of technology and innovation in energy governance is highlighted with the following evidence: high capital investments, positive feedback mechanisms, and the ‘carbon lock-in’ between energy and technology systems.
The analysis of the regime complexes of energy and climate change reveals not only a documented pattern of innovation and stasis but also demonstrates that the regimes are highly path-dependent.
The institutional analysis of global formal organizations from 1995-2010 reveals that the “conclusions drawn from history, are that the energy regime complex is somewhere ossified, dominated by a few, and resistant to change, resulting in patterns of punctuated equilibrium.” The analysis of modern energy governance that sheds light on the following facets of energy governance: inclusiveness, equality, resources, accountability, and transparency. Further, aspects of the principle of productive deliberation are visited, such as the capacity for agreement and behavioral change.
The conclusion calls for an alternative model of global energy governance based on improved instructional capacity, multi-stakeholder participation, and an enhanced emphasis on the role of science and technology.
Lambais and Gonçalves offer an adept exploration of the synergy between human innovation and the environment. The authors’ analysis successfully demonstrates a critical view towards the ‘energy regime complex’ by delving deeper into the role of ‘system-wide interactions’, institutions, and socio-historical underpinnings. The article offers a substantive case for rethinking the modern paradigm of energy governance and aiming for the “promotion of innovation in renewable energies…towards solving the conundrum within the energy system” at the global scale.
More about the book here.
By Lauren Core, IPC-IG/UNDP
Related IPC-IG Publications:
Greening the Economy and Increasing Economic Equity for Women Farmers in Madagascar
Zo Randriamaro. Policy Research Brief # 34. November 2012.
Green Innovations: Reducing Energy Poverty and Inequitable Access
Daniela P. Stoycheva. Policy Research Brief # 24. June 2012.
Vulnerability to Climate Change: a Regional Perspective of Demographic and Socioeconomic Impacts
Alisson Flávio Barbieri , Bernardo Queiroz. Policy Research Brief # 22. June 2012.
The Climate Justice Discourse in Brazil: Potential and Perspective
Bruno Milanez, Igor F. Fonseca. One Pager # 162. May 2012.
Indicators for Assessing the Vulnerability of Smallholder Farming to Climate Change: the Case of Brazil’s Semi-Arid Northeastern Region
Diego Pereira Lindoso, Juliana Dalboni Rocha, Nathan Debortoli, Izabel Cavalcanti I. Parente, Flávio Eiró, Marcel Bursztyn , Saulo Rodrigues Filho. One Pager # 163. May 2012.
Mitigation of What and by What? Adaptation by Whom and for Whom? Dilemmas in Delivering for the Poor and the Vulnerable in International Climate Policy
Leisa Perch. Working Paper # 79. February 2011.
Inclusive and Sustainable Development: For Whom?
Leisa Perch. One Pager # 126. February 2011.
Benefits Sharing: Blending Climate Change and Development in National Policy Efforts
Leisa Perch. One Pager # 121. December 2010.
Maximizing Co-Benefits: Exploring Opportunities to Strengthen Equality and Poverty Reduction through Adaptation to Climate Change
Leisa Perch. Working Paper # 75. December 2010.
Climate Change in Brazil: Economic, Social and Regulatory Aspects
Ronaldo Seroa da Motta, Jorge Hargrave, Gustavo Luedemann , Maria Bernadete Sarmiento Gutierrez. One Pager # 153. May 2012.
The Brazilian Policy on Climate Change: Regulatory and Governance Aspects
Ronaldo Seroa da Motta. One Pager # 154. May 2012.
Climate Change Regulation in Brazil and the Role of Subnational Governments
Viviane Romeiro, Virginia Parente. One Pager # 155. May 2012.
Agriculture and Cattle Raising in the Context of a Low Carbon Economy
Gustavo Barbosa Mozzer. One Pager # 157. May 2012.
Trade Barriers in Policies that Regulate Greenhouse Gases
Ronaldo Seroa da Motta. One Pager # 160. May 2012.
Climate Change Negotiations from an Industry Perspective
Paula Bennati. One Pager # 166. May 2012.
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