Atlas Brazil 2013 highlights Brazil’s accelerated human development progress in recent years
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) office in Brazil launches the New Municipal Human Development Index
Brasília, July 30th, 2013 – The Brazilian Human Development Atlas 2013 was launched yesterday based on the new Municipal Human Development Index (MHDI). This edition brings data for the 5,565 Brazilian municipalities, which will be available free of charge through an online platform.
Anyone can access the data pertaining to education, longevity and income across over 180 indicators used to calculate the local MHDI. This new tool will benefit the population as whole: as citizens, members of the academy and policy makers will have the opportunity to carry out the planning and effective monitoring of public policies.
According to Marcelo Neri, President of the Brazilian Institute for Applied Economic Research (Ipea) and Minister of the Secretariat of Strategic Affairs (SAE), “this new platform portraits Brazil in the last two decades, a period in which intense socio-economic transformation took place”.
Besides statistics based on 2010 Brazil’s Demographic Census data, the Atlas also brings the indices from the mappings previously done in 1991 e 2000. The indicators were revised according the new MHDI methodology and classified as very low, low, medium, high and very high human development.
The Brazilian MHDI was measured across 3 groups. Firstly, the Long and Healthy Life classification measures the life expectancy at birth. Secondly, the Access to Knowledge measures the percentage of people over 18 years old with complete elementary education, the percentage of children between 5 and 6 years old enrolled in primary school, the percentage of children between 11 and 13 years old in the last elementary school years, the percentage of teenagers between 15 and 17 years old with complete primary schools, and the percentage of adults between 18 and 20 years old with complete high school. Thirdly, the Living Standard classification analyses the monthly per capita income.
According to study, in 1991 85.8% of the Brazilian Municipalities were classified under the very low human development index. Currently, only 32 municipalities are under this classification, which represents 0.57% of the overall number. Furthermore, 50% of the Brazilian Municipalities had already met the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
With the analysis of the human development index in Brazil, it is possible to notice that the MHDI increased significantly, whilst the inequality indices among the low income and the high-income population has declined. Actually, the income of the poorest population has grown 5 times faster than the income of the richest population. This fact suggests that the social programmes being implemented in the past two decades are contributing to inclusive growth in Brazil.
According to the UNDP Brazil Resident Representative, Jorge Chediek, “the Atlas is a tool to democratize information, which in turn can assist in the improvement of public policies”. The map below highlights the inequality reduction among the northern and southern regions in the last two decades.
The Atlas was developed in a partnership between the United Nations Development Programme in Brazil (UNDP Brazil), the João Pinheiro Foundation (FJP) of the Government of the State of Minas Gerais and the Brazilian Institute for Applied Economic Research (Ipea).
Author: Tamara Santos/IPC-IG
Short URL: http://pressroom.ipc-undp.org/?p=14973