Brazil and Cape Verde Cooperate for Poverty Reduction
Brasilia, November 19, 2013 – The IPC-IG, in collaboration with the Institute of Applied Economics (Ipea), sent a team to Cape Verde on the 24th of October to conduct research for the design and implementation of a Cash Transfer Programme in this archipelago of 10 islands located off the coast of Western Africa. The Programme is intended to complement already existing programmes. The primary goal of the research is to ensure the design of proposals that will achieve successful outcomes based on the central points of demand and designated beneficiaries to the Programme. Thus the team consulted with various relevant entities on the challenges and ambitions of the envisioned Cash Transfer Programme.
The focus of the trip was founded on three main axis of investigation, the first being the conduction of a vulnerability study. This was performed using the lifecycle approach, extending to considerations of family types. Thus the aim was to identify vulnerability markers, through a multidimensional approach, in order to determine potential beneficiaries of the Programme. The IPC-IG’s Diana Sawyer, who served as the coordinator along with Ipea’s Rafael Guerreiro, and Laeticia Rodrigues de Souza ran data at the National Institute of Statistics to subsidize the vulnerability study.
Second, an analysis of the institutional capacity of Cape Verde to implement a Cash Transfer Programme was performed. This included an assessment of the institutions already in place to avoid duplicating functions, take advantage of the already existent institutions and determine the most appropriate institution for various functions. The primary concern in this regard was determining the targeting mechanism. Therefore the team assessed the available data banks in place as well as how to bridge central and local government transversal activity and avoid the inappropriate assignment of functions. The team thus established what the main challenges were to Cape Verde’s existing social protection programmes as well as the pre-existing demands.
The third axis of investigation was that of fiscal capacity. An analysis was performed on whether the country could afford the Programme’s administrative costs in terms of the benefit formulae assumed. This was dependent on the first two avenues of investigation in terms of determining the source of funding and pursuing the optimization of already existing programmes. Rafael Guerreiro (Ipea), Fernando Gaiger (Ipea) and Pedro Arruda (The IPC-IG) were responsible for the fiscal and administrative analysis of capabilities. Arruda also functioned as the Focal Point of the mission. The overall aim is to optimize specific aspects of existing programmes and scale up processes. Therefore the consolidation of a unified beneficiary registry has been designated as an important goal, which the government has already been working on for the past 10 years with the help of the International Labor Organisation (ILO) and the Portuguese government. Fernando Gaiger of Ipea is in charge of designing this unified beneficiary registry.
The first week of fieldwork commenced with multiple high level meetings where authorities and technicians were present, in order to gage political interests. Once relevant focal points of consultation were designated, a workshop was conducted to expose more technical interests and prepare questions. In the second week of the trip the focal points were consulted to clarify the questions in light of the three central axes of investigation. In total, 37 meetings took place with various representatives of the government, UN, NGO and civil society entities. A field mission was conducted to vulnerable communities in both urban and rural areas. The Ministry of Youth, Jobs, Development and Human Resources as well as the Ministry of Education & Sports, and the Ministry of Health featured prominently. The Secretary of State Reform also participated in meetings.
The team established that a newly designed Cash Transfer Program will have a major impact on Cape Verde. They exposed the importance of communitarian level participation which will have to be effectively mobilised for the successful implementation of the Programme. The proposed Programme will be designed to adapt to the challenges and opportunities of an archipelagic country which displays distinct realities among each of its islands. Thus Cape Verde is well on the path to achieving more comprehensive social protection.
The IPC-IG’s related learning resources:
One Pager #213 – South-South Cooperation and Inclusive Growth
One Pager #76 – South-South Cooperation in Times of Global Economic Crisis
One Pager #103 – Trends in South-South Cooperation
Working Paper #95 – China and The World: South-South Cooperation for Inclusive Green Growth
One Pager #179 – South-South Cooperation for Inclusive Green Growth
One Pager #77 – Is the South Ready for South-South Cooperation?
Author: Ashleigh Kate Slingsby
Short URL: http://pressroom.ipc-undp.org/?p=15900