Brazil’s progress towards achieving the MDGs
IPC-IG attends the ceremony of the Brazil MDG Awards and launching of the MDG National Report
Brasilia, May 26th, 2014 – The General Secretariat of the Presidency, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP Brazil) and the National Movement for Citizenship and Solidarity (Movimento Nacional pela Cidadania e Solidaridade, MNCS) jointly hosted the 5th Edition of the Brazil MDG Awards in Brasilia, held at the Social Participation Arena (May 21st-23rd). The event gathered over 2.500 representatives of civil society and the private sector, public administrators, experts and international guests in order to conduct a debate on social participation in the MDGs Agenda and the definition of a post-2015 development paradigm. Prominent figures attended the awards ceremony, such as President Dilma Rousseff, Jorge Chediek (UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in Brazil), Gilberto Carvalho (Chief Minister of the General Secretariat of the Presidency), Marcelo Neri (Minister of the Secretariat of Strategic Affairs) and Tereza Campello (Minister of Social Development and Fight against Hunger).
The three main points of the agenda were the dialogue on MDGs and the Post-2015 Agenda, the 2nd International Civil Society Regulatory Framework Seminary and the MDG awards ceremony. With
respect to the Milenium Development Goals, the 5th national MDG follow up report was launched during the opening ceremony. This report, elaborated by Ipea and the Brazilian Ministry of Planning, Budget and Management, provides insight into the state of Brazil and its fulfillment of the MDGs. The overall balance is positive, since Brazil met several of the MDGs: the under-five mortality rate has been reduced by two thirds between 1990 and 2015 (MDG 4), the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation has been halved (MDG 7) and the reduction of deforestation from the Pampa to the Amazon contributed both to the preservation of the biodiversity and the land area covered by natural forest as well as to the reduction in the emission of greenhouse effect gases (still MDG 7). Brazil also has advanced in the already met targets of other MDGs: the target of halving the proportion of people whose income is less than US$ 1.25 a day was reached well in advance (MDG 1), for example. The new MDG Portal, which provides free and easy access to MDG-related information, was also launched during the event.
The MDG Award was created in 2004 to encourage, value and give visibility to 30 Civil Society organisations and municipalities which contributed to reaching the MDGs. Another important focus of the debate was the Post-2015 Development Agenda and the definition of the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals), a set of new objectives meant to replace the MDGs after 2015. Jorge Chediek invited the President and all Brazilians to support the creation of the Post-2015 Agenda through the MEU Mundo (MY World) Platform, dedicated to collecting people’s opinions concerning the post-MDG priorities.
President Dilma Rousseff thanked the UN and the UNDP, stating their important contribution to social policy transfers around the whole world, and congratulated the success of the awarded organisations. She affirmed that “Brazil achieved good results in terms of the MDGs, partly because Brazil created this award, which is a way to enhance the visibility of the MDGs, but also to give an example of how to act with generosity and solidarity”. She also commented on Brazil’s development performance: “the first goal is the fight against hunger. In this field, Brazil has actually reduced inequalities. (…) As for income, it has increased for both rich and poor people, although much more for the poor. So I will borrow Marcelo Neri’s expression and say this process is like a wave which pushes everyone upwards, starting with the populations who are excluded from the wealth of this country”. President Rousseff went on to highlight the importance of further progressing in the field of education in order to ensure the sustainable reduction of inequality as well as the necessity of reaching the sanitation target and universalizing the sewage system in Brazil.
President Rousseff then signed the Social Participation Policy Decree in front of over two thousand people and clearly stated that there can be no democracy without Social Participation. According to her, “the Social Participation Decree is going to take social participation in public policies implementation to another level. (…) Neutrality ensures the right to communication even for those who disagree. This is what makes the difference in a democracy: those who disagree have the right to speak.”
Check out the photo gallery from the event here.
To learn more about the MDGs, see the IPC-IG’s publications:
By Amélie Courau. Photo credits: Amélie Courau/IPC/UNDP.
Short URL: http://pressroom.ipc-undp.org/?p=16356