How Did Mongolia Create the First Universal Child Grant in the Developing World?
The country’s experience will be the theme of the third webinar of the Child Allowance Webinar Series on October 27, organized by the IPC-IG, Unicef and Development Pathways, and hosted by socialprotection.org.
Located between Russia and China, Mongolia has a territory of nearly 1.6 million square kilometers, which is larger than the combined area of Great Britain, Germany, France and Italy. Sheltering a population of about 3.0 million, it is also the world’s most sparsely populated country.
The country implemented the first universal child grant programme in the developing world: the Mongolian Child Money Programme (CMP). Mongolia has gradually moved from a targeted and conditional to a universal and unconditional approach since 2005, when the CPM was introduced. This is no small feat. So far only a few OECD countries have introduced child grants with universal coverage, while developing countries have mainly opted for targeting their programmes to the poorest parts of the population.
Now Mongolia’s CMP is the focus of the third session of the Child Allowance Webinar Series on 27th October, following webinars on the South African Child Support Grant and the Uruguayan Family Allowances Programme. This latest webinar is organized with the support of the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG/PNUD), UNICEF and Development Pathways.
The webinar will be presented by Ms. Lakhagvasuren Munkhzul (Director of the Social Protection Department in Mongolia’s Ministry of Population Development and Social Protection). Mr Bjorn Gelders (Senior Social Policy Specialist at Development Pathways) will be the discussant and Ms. Judith Bruno (Deputy Representative at UNICEF Mongolia) will be the moderator.
So how did Mongolia create the first Universal Child Grant in the developing world? The webinar will answer this question by presenting first-hand insights into the Mongolian experience of the CMP, and addressing the following questions:
- Why did Mongolia decide to adopt a universal approach?
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of targeted vs. universal child allowance programmes?
- On which institutional framework is the programme built?
- The costs and financing of the programme
- The CMP’s impact on child poverty and deprivations in the fields of education, health, and nutrition
- Future plans for developing and improving the programme
Date: 27th October 2015
Time: 16:00 – 17:00 (Ulaanbaatar/Beijing, UTC+8)
8:00 – 9:00 (UTC, London/Dakar)
9:00 – 10:00 (UTC+1, Geneva/Paris)
11:00 – 12:00 (UTC+3, Nairobi/Amman)
15:00 – 16:00 (UTC+7, Bangkok)
19:00 – 20:00 (UTC+11, Canberra)
16:00 – 16:30 Presentation on Mongolia’s Child Money Programme by Lakhagvasuren Munkhzul
16:30 – 16:45 Discussant – Bjorn Gelders
16:45 – 17:00 Audience Questions
Following the webinar, the recording of the entire webinar will be available for download on The Child Allowance Online Community, accessible on socialprotection.org. The Community will allow audience members to submit their comments and questions concerning the Mongolian Universal Child Support Grant Webinar. To stay up-to-date on this and future Child Allowance knowledge sharing initiatives, Join socialprotection.org
About the participants
Munkhzul Lkhagvasuren is a Director General of the Department for Social Protection Policy Implementation at the Ministry of Population Development and Social Protection of Mongolia. Having worked at the Ministry since 2002, she has gradually gained a extensive experience in social protection policy research, policy advice, and insights into pension and social welfare policies in the country. She was engaged in the introduction of Universal Child Money Program in 2012. Before joining the Ministry, she taught introductory and intermediate level undergraduate courses in macroeconomics, microeconomics and international economics for 4 years. She obtained a Masters in finance in 2007 from the University of Sydney, Australia, a graduate diploma in transition economies in 2005 from the Institute of Social Studies, The Nederlands’ and an MA in Economics in 2000 from the National University of Mongolia.
Bjorn Gelders is a Senior Social Policy Specialist at Development Pathways, with over 10 years of experience in social protection, monitoring and evaluation with the United Nations, Government and research NGOs in Africa, Asia and the Pacific region. He is currently leading the World Food Programme’s Complementarity Initiative towards Harmonised Targeting, Recertification and Consolidation Strategy for the National Safety Net Programme in Kenya; and serving as a technical advisor for multi-country research on Income Security in Old Age in the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Nepal, and Bangladesh for HelpAge International. He has worked closely with governments and other stakeholders to conduct poverty and vulnerability assessments, supported the development of national social protection systems and national policy development. He has also authored a range of publications for UN agencies and governments on child vulnerability, social equity and disability and, most recently, conducted innovative analysis on income dynamics and insecurity, to build the case for a universal child grant in Georgia. He holds an MA in Economics and a BA in Applied Economics.
Judith Bruno is the Deputy Representative of UNICEF in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. She was previously the Chief of Planning, Field Coordination and Emergency Section of UNICEF Jakarta, Indonesia. She also served as a Chief Field Officer for UNICEF in Pakistan and Sri Lanka. In 2003, Bruno was the UNICEF Resident Programme Officer in Faizabad and Kunduz in Afghanistan. Before that she was the UNICEF Chief Field Operations and Resident Programme Officer in South Sudan. She has a Master’s Degree in International Development from Andrews University, USA as well as a Master’s Degree in Community Development and a Bachelor’s Degree in Social Sciences, both from the University of the Philippines.
socialprotection.org aims to be the online focal point of social protection knowledge-sharing and capacity building among middle and low income countries. The platform is hosted by the IPC-IG, supported by the Development Working Group of the G20 and financed by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).
Photo Slider Credits: UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe
Short URL: http://pressroom.ipc-undp.org/?p=17127