IPC-IG and WFP launch the study: Structured Demand and Smallholder farmers in Brazil: the case of PAA and PNAE
The study “Structured Demand and Smallholder farmers in Brazil: the case of PAA and PNAE” was launched today, on World Food Day, and brought new data about the link between the Food Acquisition Program (PAA) and the National School Feeding Programme (PNAE).
The breakfast followed by panels present study had the presence of representatives from the Federal Government, the Ministry of Social Development and Fight Against Hunger, the Ministry of External Relations, members of the diplomatic community in Brazil, representatives of other agencies UN in Brazil, members of academia, among others.
The opening session was composed by Marcelo Neri, President of the Institute of Applied Economic Research IPEA and Interim Minister of the Strategic Affairs Secretariat of the Presidency SAE; Jorge Chediek, Resident Coordinator of the United Nations Systems, Resident Representative of the United Nations Development Proframme in Brazil and Director of International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG/PNUD); the Director of the National Fund for Education Development, Rafael Torino; and Daniel Balaban, Director and Representative of the Centre of Excellency against Hunger of the World Food Program. Fabio Veras, Research Coordinator of IPC-IG and Andrea Galante, Consultant to the WFP, presented the study and answered questions from the audience.
According to Marcelo Neri, Brazil has successful experiences in food safety. The Bolsa Família Programme, for example, increased by 7.6% minimum expenses of food perceived, while the program was also responsible for an increase in the body mass index between the beneficiaries, in which men increased the index by 1, 21%, and in women the gain was 1.94%.
For Jorge Chediek, the World Food Day should remind food security, since 840 million people today do not have enough to eat, 2 billion people are in famine hides – on condition of malnutrition, whilst 4 billion people are overweight. Thus, efforts to promote policies of appropriate feeding , as promoted by the PAA and PNAE Programmes, are crucial and bring a model to be followed. The Fome Zero Programme represents a political and institutional commitment to technical quality in the programmes being implemented. Brazil is no longer a country receiving food assistance, as it is now in a position of promoting South-South dialogue as well as it is recognized internationally not only for its programmes, but also by its agricultural production excellency.
Rafael Torino called attention to the fact that today more than 40 million children benefit from school meals offered by PNAE, which partnered with PAA, possess a multiplier effect whilst promoting the development of local economies. Brazil currently receives a demand from countries from Latin America, Africa and Asia, interested in making South-South cooperation in order to implement programmes based on the Brazilian success.
“Countries want to know the Brazilian experience because it is successful“, said Daniel Balaban. The results provide concrete evidence confirming the successful coordination and integration of programmes being implemented at the federal, state and municipal levels. Developing countries have realized that dependence on foreign aid does not generate sustainable development. Thus, many countries today have interest in coming to Brazil to learn and implement local solutions that fit their local needs. More than 24 delegations from developing countries have come to Brazil, and more than 15 countries are currently waiting for the opportunity to come and learn more closely the Brazilian experience.
The study brings unpublished data, showing that a strategy based on structured demand incorporates the demand for food for population groups in a situation of food insecurity, being tackled by the PAA, while through PNAE, the strategy also integrates a tool to deal with school nutrition, increases school attendance and indirectly provides assistance in terms of academic performance to students from kindergarten to secondary education and adult education, since the program provides a balanced diet that takes into account cultural differences for all these groups.
Check the data launched today about the new publication here.
Learn more about family agriculture, social protection programs for rural populations and food security, visit the IPC-IG publications:
Country Study #22 – The Food Security Policy Context In Brazil
Working Paper #87 – Poverty, Inequality And Social Policies In Brazil, 1995-2009
Working Paper #106 – Scaling Up Local Development Initiatives: Brazil’s Food Acquisition Programme
Check out the photo gallery from the event here.
More information about Food Safety and South-South Dialogue available here: “Understanding food security: Video interview presents key issues for South-South dialogue”.
By Tamara Santos
Short URL: http://pressroom.ipc-undp.org/?p=15699