IPC-IG Researcher to speak at Seminar: agricultural trade policy in Brazil: can policy advance sustainable development?
Brasília – August 27, 2013 – IPC-IG’s Researcher Guilherme Lambais will participate in the Seminar: “Agricultural trade Policy in Brazil: can policy advance sustainable development”, promoted by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) and the Brazilian Institute for Applied Economic Research (Ipea) next Tuesday, September 03.
As trade policy can contribute significantly to address the challenges posed to sustainable development, the act of designing trade policies is a determinant factor to ensure economic growth in an equitable manner, which in turn may improve efforts to overcome food insecurity and poverty.
Moreover, the reforms suggested at the Doha Round trade talks represent a significant step to achieve such goals, whereby governments and other stakeholders have increasingly recognized the need to promote compatibility between domestic agricultural trade policies and the policy goals for the general public.
In this context, Brazil has been putting in practice several policies to promote economic development – such as Bolsa Familia, a Conditional Cash Transfer Programme that have lifted over 40 million people from the extreme poverty line. These efforts have been applied alongside policies to make a more effective use of its natural resources, which also promote the role of family farming, and as a result have been serving as a role model to the developing world.
In comparison to other developing countries, Brazil has one of the most successful experiences in improving income and combating hunger, which can be attributed to the Food Acquisition Programme (PAA) that purchases food from family farmers and supply the products to low cost kitchens and distribution points available to the most vulnerable.
Brazil is one of the largest agricultural commodities exporters in the world. Nevertheless, although policies to improve production as a whole have been implemented, the country still remains deeply unequal, and smallholder farmers do not benefit equally despite rising agricultural productivity.
Currently, as most producers from family farmers, governmental and non-governmental programmes are working to intensify production to do more with smaller plot sizes, governmental policies are crucial to achieve social, environmental and economic goals.
One of the main problems in Brazil is its lack of a single and uniform policy making process within agriculture. Actually, it is a system in which several ministries and government agencies collaborate to respond to constituent needs and to devise forward-looking plans. Thus, policy-makers have a challenge to carefully take in consideration food security, deforestation and social protection needs when designing policies to meet economic objectives.
Brazil could be at the centre of international debates since it offers tangible policy tools to other countries. Thus, the Seminar will discuss Brazilian policies pertaining to agriculture, the environment and food security, throughout the panels:
1. Objectives of the Brazilian agricultural trade policy
2. Domestic support and the investment and subsidy programs
3. International trends in agricultural trade policy
4. Role of agriculture and the environment
5. Food security within trade policy.
Alongside Gustavo Chianca, from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and Darana Souza, from the World Food Programme (WFP), IPC-IG’s Associate Researcher Guilherme Lambais will participate in the discussion of the final panel, expressing his views regarding food security and the role of public procurement, thereby providing comments on the presentation of Denise Koreff – from the Brazilian Ministry of Social Development and Fight Against Hunger (MDS), chaired by Ammad Bahlim – from ICTSD.
He will make an analysis to bring insights on the compatibility of public procurement in relation to the international commitments, such as the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture Article 6.2, whereby it can be argued that Brazil’s successful use of this targeted programme may be the only such known implementation that is in line with the limitations on domestic support spending, becoming a very useful example for other countries.
To know more about food security with regards to agricultural production and social protection in Brazil, please access IPC-IG’s publications:
Country Study #22 – The Food Security Policy Context in Brazil
One Pager #104 – Sustainable Agriculture: A Way Out of Food Poverty
Working Paper #106 – Scaling Up Local Development Initiatives: Brazil’s Food Acquisition Programme
By Tamara Santos
Short URL: http://pressroom.ipc-undp.org/?p=15365