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UN study evaluates the impact of social programs on family farms

Structured Demand and Smallholder Farmers in Brazil PAA PNAEBrasília, October 16, 2013  To celebrate World Food Day, the Centre of Excellence Against Hunger World Food Programme and the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth of the United Nations Development Programme (IPC-IG/UNDP) launch the Technical Paper “Structured Demand and Smallholder farmers in Brazil: the case of PAA and PNAE”. The study brings findings on two general institutional food purchase programmes in Brazil, the Food Acquisition Program (PAA) and the National School Feeding Programme (PNAE), as well as unpublished results of the PNAE.

The study reveals that the PAA and PNAE together contributed to increased purchases made ​​by municipalities and local states directly from family farms. The two programs combined represent a potential demand of R$ 2 billion a year for the purchase of products of family farmers, which would have a great impact on the production and income of these farmers.

In the case of PNAE, the law states that 30% of the school feeding budget should be allocated to purchases of family farmers. This law was established in 2009. In 2010, only 48% of the implementing entities were purchasing food from family farmers. In 2012, the number had increased to 67%. Currently, 45% of the implementing entities are complying with the law of buying at least 30% from family farms, an increase of 15 percentage points in comparison to 2010. When all entities are in full compliance with the law, PNAE will be responsible for a budget of US$ 1 billion for purchases from family farmers.

The PAA and PNAE, combined, constitute one of the largest initiatives of institutional food purchase programmes in the world, which prioritize the acquisition of food produced by family farmers. Besides ensuring income for farmers, these programmes serve as safety nets that improve food and nutrition security and provide access to healthy food for vulnerable groups, such as school children.

The Brazilian experience has been so successful that it has served as an example for other developing countries interested in establishing similar programs, especially in school feeding. Despite all interests, we feel that research to analyze the impact and prove the effectiveness of these programs are lacking, which led us to conduct this study”, explained Daniel Balaban, director of the Center of Excellence Against Hunger, which receives delegations from developing countries interested in learning about Brazilian programs. “This is the first time that the impact of school feeding and other forms of institutional purchases on suppliers are evaluated”, he adds.

“This study shows another one of the innovations of Brazil in their poverty reduction programs. The synergies between the PAA and PNAE are an example of how to make the fight against hunger more effective”, says Jorge Chediek, UNDP Resident Representative of Brazil and Director of the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG/UNDP).

The breakfast to launch the new publication will happen today in Brasília, at IPC-IG new headquarters, and it will be broadcasted live at 10 am (GMT -3). Watch the presentation of Fabio Veras and Andrea Galante in Portuguese, bringing the main findings of the study here.


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WFP is the largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide. Last year, WFP reached more than 97 million people in 80 countries with food assistance. The Centre of Excellence Against Hunger WFP is a global forum for policy dialogue and South-South learning on school feeding programs and food and nutrition security. The Center of Excellence, a partnership between WFP and the Brazilian government, was created to support governments in Africa, Asia and Latin America in the development of sustainable solutions against hunger. Follow the WFP / Center of Excellence Against Hunger on Twitter and Facebook.

 The International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth IPC-IG works for the promotion of South-South cooperation and the production of studies and policy recommendations for inclusive growth based on innovative experiences in developing countries. Follow IPC-IG on Twitter and Facebook.

 For more information, contact:

Isadora Ferreira, WFP / Center of Excellence Against Hunger, +5561 2193 8513, +5561 9260 9835


Tamara Santos, IPC-IG, +5561 21055011, +5561 83042444,



Learn more about family agriculture, social protection programs for rural populations and food security, visit the IPC-IG publications:

Technical Paper #7 – Structured Demand and Smallholder farmers in Brazil: the case of PAA and PNAE

Country Study #22 – The Food Security Policy Context In Brazil

One Pager #110 – Supporting Food Production and Food Access through Local Public Procurement Schemes: Lessons from Brazil

One Pager #127 – Food Security as a Pathway to Productive Inclusion: Lessons from Brazil and India

One Pager #135 – Social Policies and the Fall in Inequality in Brazil: Achievements and Challenges

One Pager #190 – Scaling-up Local Development Initiatives: Brazil’s Food Procurement Programme

Working Paper #64 – Market Alternatives for Smallholder Farmers in Food Security Initiatives: Lessons from the Brazilian Food Acquisition Programme

Working Paper #80 – Public Support To Food Security In India, Brazil And South Africa: Elements For A Policy Dialogue

Working Paper #87 – Poverty, Inequality And Social Policies In Brazil, 1995-2009

Working Paper #106 – Scaling Up Local Development Initiatives: Brazil’s Food Acquisition Programme

More information about Food Security and South-South Dialogue available here: “Understanding food security: Video interview presents key issues for South-South dialogue”.


Short URL: http://pressroom.ipc-undp.org/?p=15670

Posted by on Oct 16 2013. Filed under News, Rural & Sustainable Development, Slider, Social Protection. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can leave a response or trackback to this entry

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